讲座题目：Employee Perception of Being Envied by the Supervisor:Two Pathways for Navigating the Relationship
Integrating cognitive-motivational-relational theory of emotion and approach-inhibition theory of power, we propose a theoretical model that suggests being envied by the supervisor is a double-edged sword for employees’ quality of exchange relationship with their supervisor (LMX). Through three studies, we provide evidence for our model. Specifically, Study 1, a vignette-based experimental study, found that perception of being envied by the supervisor is positively associated with relationship hope and relationship anxiety, which are respectively related to employees’ intention to engage in organizational citizenship behavior and interaction avoidance behavior toward the supervisor (i.e., OCB-S and IAB-S). Study 2a and Study 2b, two field studies, which collected time-lagged data from full-time working adults, found that relationship hope and OCB-S function as the approach-oriented mechanism, whereas relationship anxiety and IAB-S function as the avoidance-oriented mechanism accounting for the positive and negative effects of perception of being envied by the supervisor on LMX, respectively. Further, Study 1 and Study 2a found that employees’ personal sense of power with respect to the supervisor magnifies the approach-oriented mechanism, whereas Study 2b revealed that personal sense of power with respect to the supervisor mitigates the avoidance-oriented mechanism.
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Haoying (Howie) Xu is an assistant professor in the School of Business at Stevens Institute of Technology. He received his PhD in management from the University of Illinois Chicago. His research is focused on leadership, workplace relationships, and workplace emotions. His articles have appeared in various outlets such as Journal of Organizational Behavior, Journal of Management, Human Relations, Journal of Business Ethics, and Harvard Business Review. He also has an article that was conditionally accepted by Personnel Psychology. He was a student representative for the Organizational Behavior Division of the Academy of Management (2019-2021). In this role, he has helped to plan and organize several academic events and workshops focused on reducing racial inequality in academia and industry.